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Anda Blood-brother. eg. Temujin and Jamugha; Yesugei and Toghrul were anda.
Ba'atur/Bagatur
"The Brave," a military title somewhat similar to a Knight. Subedei and Yesugei held this title.
Darughachi/Darugha Imperial Mongol administrator or governmor.
Ger Felt tents
Mongke, Ogedei, and Guyuk
Khuriltai/Quriltai Mongol Grand Assembly. Election for the next great Khan happened at a Khuriltai
Paitze Table of authority issued by the Great Khan
Ulus "Nation, state, dynasty" eg. inheritances of the sons of Chingis after his death
Yam
Mongol hores relay postal service. Somewhat similar to the pony express.
Yasa/Yasag Genghis Khan's code of laws
Yurt Russian variation of "Ger"

Khan Chief of a tribe
Khakhan/Khagan/Kahkhan/Kha'an "Great Khan" Used by Mongol Khans such as Khubilai,
Il-Khan. Ruler of the Il-Khanate of persia.
Altin Khan
"The Golden King" Emperor of the Jin ("Golden") Dyansty as called by the nomads
Gur Khan "Universal Ruler." used by the Khan of the Kara-Khitai. Jamugha also held this title
Idikut Ruler of the Uighurs
Wang (Mongol: Ong) "Chinese: King" Toghrul held this title as Wang/Ong Khan.

Arban 10 men
Jagun 10 Arbans (100 men)
Mingan 10 Jaguns (1000 men)
Tuman 10 Mingans (10000 men). In pre-Genghis armies, Tumens were basically a large unit of men. During that time, the number of men in a tumen varied from 500-1000. After Genghis's unification, the standard size of the Tuman was fixed to 10,000 men.
Ordo/Ordu Camp, Horde
Orlok General, field marshal
Mangudai Suicide vanguard of the army used for luring enemies
Keshiq/Keshik Imperial Guard