Free Web Hosting Provider - Web Hosting - E-commerce - High Speed Internet - Free Web Page
Search the Web

List of Rulers

Resources >>
  1. Maps
  2. Glossary
  3. Picture Gallery
  4. Timeline
  5. List of Rulers
  6. Genealogy Charts
  7. Mongol Quotes

<<Back to Main
Main Sections:
1. History
2. Military History
3. In-depth
4. Resources

Departments
FAQ, Message Board, About the author, Links

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Great Khans of the Mongol Empire (1206-1294)
1206-1227 Chingis / Genghis Khan
1229-1241 Ogedei Khan (Khakhan) - Son of Chingis
1246-1248 Guyuk Khan (Khakhan) - Son of Ogedei
1251-1259 Mongke / Mengku Khan (Khakhan) - Cousin of Ogedei
After the death of Mongke, in 1260, two Khakhans were elected by rivaling Khuriltais (assemblies): Ariq-Boke (brother of Kubiliai), who ruled from Karakorum, and Kubilai, who ruled from China. Kubilai defeated Ariq-Boke in 1264 to secure sole leadership.
1264-1294 Kubilai Khan (Khakhan) - Brother of Kubilai
No ruler was elected after Kubilai
Khakhan ("Khan of Khans"): Title used by Khans of the greatest steppe Empires, including the Mongol Empire. This title was officially used by all Khans of the Mongol Empire except for Chingis Khan.

Regents (Temporary rulers) during the election interludes
   1227-1229 Tolui - Son of Chingis, Father of Kubilai and Mongke
   1241-1246 Toregene Khatun - Wife of Ogedei, mother of Guyuk
   1248-1251 Oghul Ghaymish

 Emperors of the Yuan Dynasty (1272-1368)
1260-1294 Kublai Khan (Shizu)
1272-Kubilai adopts the dynastic title of Yuan
1294-1307 Temur Oljeytu Khan (Chengzong)
1307-1311 Qayshan Guluk / Hai-Shan (Wuzong
1311-1320 Ayurparibhadra / Ayurbarwada (Renzong)
1320-1323 Suddhipala Gege'en / Shidebala (Yingzong)
1323-1328 Yesun Temur (Taidingdi)
1328 Arigaba / Aragibag (Tianshundi)
1328-1329 Jijaghatu Toq-Temür (Wenzong)
1329 Qoshila / Qutuqtu (Mingzong)
1329-1332 Jijaghatu Toq-Temür (Wenzong)
1332-1333 Rinchenpal Irinchibal (Ningzong)
1333-1368 Toghan-Temür (Shundi )
Mongol Rule in China ends in 1368. Toghan-Temur dies in 1370 at Karakorum. His descendents hold power in Mongolia until the death of Titulair Khan (Khakhan) in 1634

 Il-Khans of the Il-Khanate of Persia (1260-1335)
1256-1265 Hülegü (Grandson of Chingis, brother of Kubilai)
1260-Political establishment of the Il-Khanate
1265-1282 Abaqa
1282-1284 Ahmad Tegüder
1284-1291 Arghûn
1291-1295 Gaykhatu
1295 Baydu
1295-1304 Mahmûd Ghâzân
1304-1316 Muhammad Khudâbanda Öljeytü
1316-1335 Abû Sa'îd
There were no successor after the death of Abu Said. The Il-Khan suddenly collapsed and became various independent states. The Ilkhanate shares the same irony with the original Mongol Empire: Collapsing immediately after its Golden Age. Persia was later reunited by Timer Lenk

 Khans of the Chagadai Khanate
1227-1244 Chagadai (son of Chingis)
1272-Kubilai adopts the dynastic title of Yuan
1244-1246 Qara Hülegü
1246-1251 Yesü Möngke
1251-1252 Qara Hülegü (Second Rule)
1260-1266 Orqina Khâtûn
1266 Alughu
1266-1271 Mubârak Shâh
1271-1272 Baraq Ghiyâth ad-Dîn
1272-1282 Negübey
1282-1306 Toqa Temür
1306-1308 Du'a
1308-1309 Könchek
1333-1368 Taliqu
1309 Kebek
1309-1320 Esen Buqa
1320-1326 Kebek
1326 Eljigedey
1326 Du'a Temür
1326-1334 Tarmashîrîn 'Alâ' adDîn
1334 Buzan
1334-1338 Changshi
1338-1342 Yesün Temür
1342-1343 Muhammad
1343-1346 Qazan
1346-1358 Danishmendji
1358 Buyan Quli
1359 Shâh Temür
1359-1363 Tughluq Temür
1363-1405 Tamerlane takes control of the Chagadai Khanate.His death allows the Chagadai rulers to retake control. The Chagadai Khanate remains as a minor state until the eighteenth century, when it was conquered by the Qing Empire.

 Khans of the Golden Horde (Kipchak Khanate) (1242-1359)
  Jochi (Son of Chingis Khan), The "Golden Clan" is adopted
1242 - 1255 Batu Khan (Son of Jochi)
1242-Golden Horde is politically established
1256 - 1257 Sartak
1257 Ulagchi
1257 - 1267 Berke (brother of Batu)
1267 - 1280 Mongke Temur
1280 - 1287 Tode Mongke
1287 - 1291 Tole Buqa
1291 - 1313 Toqta
1313 - 1341 Muhammad Özbeg
1341 - 1342 Tonibek
1342 - 1357 Janibek
1357 - 1359 Berdibek
Died without a successor. The Golden Horde dissolves into various factions.
1378 - 1395 Tokhtamish (of the Blue Horde faction)
Unites the factions and the White Horde in 1378 to revive the Golden Horde. Defeated by Timur Lenk (Tamerlane) but was never officially annexed into the Timurid Empire. The death of Tamerlane in 1405 creates great political instabilities.
1395-1430s (15 Rulers)
In 1438, the Khanate of Kazan suceedes from the Golden Horde. The Remaining Golden horde becomes known as the Great Horde

 Khans of the Whiet Horde (?-1377)
1226 - 1280 Orda
Very little is Known about the White Horde, although we do know that it existed between the Golden Horde and the Yuan Empire,
1280 - 1302 Kochu
1302 - 1309 Buyan
1309 - 1315 Sasibuqa
1315 - 1320 Ilbasan
1320 - 1344 Mubarak Khwaja
1344 - 1374 Chimtay
1374 - 1376 Urus
1376 - 1377 Toqtaqiya
1377 Temur Malik
White Hordes united with Tokhtamish's Golden horde in 1378 by Tokhtamish

 Khans of the The Great Horde (1206-1294)
1435 - 1465 Kuchuk Muhammad
-The "Golden Horde" is the name used by the Golden Horde after the Khanate of Kazan split away from it in 1438.
-The Khanate of Astrakhan and the Khanate of Crimea splits from the Golden Horde (Great Horde)
1465 - 1481 Kochu
Ivan III expells Mongols rule from Russia in 1480.
1481 - 1498 Buyan
1481 - 1499 Sasibuqa
1499 - 1502 Ilbasan
The Great Horde is conquered by the Khanate of Crimea in 1502, genearlly considered to mark the end of the so called "Golden Horde."The Khanate of Crimea survives as the last Remnant of the Mongol Empire until 1783, when it was annexed by the Russians under Catherine the Great